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12partysystems - Party Systems& Realignments Today...

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Unformatted text preview: Party Systems & Realignments May 14, 2007 Today Review PID Party systems Realignment literature Assessing the party systems PID PID is a mental construct/affinity that is determined by socialization and personal experience. Party identification is associated with higher political engagement and influences policy and the stability of the political system. Party Systems Six generally accepted party systems First: 18011828 Second: 18281860 Third: 18601896 Fourth: 18961932 Fifth: 19321968 Sixth: 1968present What distinguishes the systems? Party coalitions Major issues From One System to the Next? Realignments: Great and enduring changes in party coalitions. Types of realignments Critical elections Secular realignments Where Are We Today? SES still matters Lower SES Democratic Upper SES mixed SES and Partisanship SD Income Lower third Middle third Upper third Education No HS HS College 22 18 15 16 16 14 13 16 18 18 12 7 10 13 11 8 11 16 11 14 19 22 12 1 17 18 16 16 15 14 17 19 15 13 7 8 11 12 11 10 16 14 16 14 21 13 10 1 WD ID IND IR WR SR DR Region, Religion, & Race SD Region South Nonsouth Religion Jewish Catholic Protestant White Protestant Race Blacks Whites 31 14 31 12 21 16 12 9 5 13 1 16 1 20 76 7 44 18 15 9 19 13 16 11 16 17 14 11 0 12 9 8 3 8 12 15 0 13 14 18 3 19 19 28 73 8 0 30 19 16 18 13 15 18 7 10 10 12 13 14 17 17 12 4 WD ID IND IR WR SR DR Religious v. Nonreligious Whites Attended religious services Issue (2004) Oppose legal abortion Oppose gay marriage Approve of Iraq war Approve of Bush job Conservative ID Republican ID Voted for Bush (Weekly Seldom) +47% +33% +19% +24% +25% +23% +25% Key Realignment Claims Cyclical nature Two kinds of elections: Realigning and not Periodicity Dynamic punctuation Other High voter turnout Major changes in governmental policy New, enduring issue cleavage emerges Not: Deviating and maintaining Other Realignment Claims There is a system of 1896. Politics is especially ideological/abstract Associated with redistributive policy As opposed to distributive and regulatory For House elections, national issues over local issues Public expresses itself effectively and consequentially at realignments, but not otherwise How Do the Claims Hold Up? Not so well Little empirical evidence 30 year cycles? 1828, 1860, 1896, 1932, then ... nothing? dealignment? Dichotomous Elections? Big Democratic surges/declines 1932, 1948, 1868, 1848, 1840, 1920, 1876, 1960 1932, 1920, 1896, 1876, 1952, 1964, 1952 1952, 1936, 1964 Big Democratic interparty swings Big Republican interparty swings Issue Cleavages? Whigs/Republicans 18281924: National Epoch Emphasized work ethic, social harmony, neomercantilism, statism, order over chaos, Yankee Protestantism, nationalism Antistatism, free market capitalism, rightwing populism, individualism 19281990s: Neoliberal Epoch Issue Cleavages? Democrats 18281892: Jeffersonian Epoch 18961948: Populist Epoch White supremacy, antistatism, civic republicanism Egalitarianism, majoritarianism, Christian humanism, "people versus the interests" Civil rights, social welfare, redistribution, inclusion 19521990s: Universalist Epoch Realignments? We think they are there. Some elections do appear to be more important than others. Importance differs between contemporaneous and historical evaluations. Should we be focusing on regions and secular trends? A way to organize political history. Why this way though? Got pushed too far? Usefulness of the concept? Next Writing Assignment Due May 23. Argue for or against the following: Race and class have lost their preeminent place in separating Republicans from Democrats. Primarily use the course material (though you may bring in additional resources). Use intext citations with a bibliography using the Chicago Manual of Style system. Double spaced, 11 or 12 pt. Times New Roman font. 35 pages (not including bibliography). No cover page. Underline thesis and topic sentences. ...
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