12localgov

12localgov - Local Governments & the State July 25,...

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July 25, 2007
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Federalism Basics Federal system: At least two constitutionally protected levels of government U.S. example: Federal government: Enumerated powers States: Reserved powers Unitary system: One constitutionally protected level of government E.g., UK
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Unitary system--local governments exist because the state lets/makes them exist Powers/responsibilities are provided by the state
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CA Constitution, Article 11 SEC. 1. (a) The State is divided into counties which are legal subdivisions of the State. The Legislature shall prescribe uniform procedure for county formation, consolidation, and boundary change. … (b) The Legislature shall provide for county powers, an elected county sheriff, an elected district attorney, an elected assessor, and an elected governing body in each county. …
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State and Local Governments Unitary system--local governments exist because the state lets/makes them exist Kinds County governments Municipality (city) governments Special districts Regional governments
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State-County Relationship Originally 27 counties, then 58 Defined by geographic features Primary mechanism for state service delivery Get most of their money from the state (or the federal government by way of the state) No reserved powers for counties, though mandated responsibilities Two kinds of counties: General law (45) Charter (13)
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Probation Officer Court Exec. Officer Court Comms. Court Judges Consolidated Courts Public Health Dept. County Counsel Behavioral Health Dept. Personnel Dept. Dept. of Social Services Agriculture Dept. Public Guardian Public Works Dept. Developmental Services Info Systems Dept. Fire Warden Advisor Library Chief Admin. Officer Auditor/ Controller Assessor Treasurer/ Tax Collector County Clerk/ Registrar Sheriff/ Coroner District Atty. Elected Dept.
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 104 taught by Professor Smith during the Summer '07 term at UC Davis.

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12localgov - Local Governments & the State July 25,...

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