06recall - The Recall & the Governor July 10, 2007 The...

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The Recall & the Governor July 10, 2007
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The Recall The Purpose Behind the Process Mechanics and Results Getting on the Ballot Campaign Finance Analyzing the Results Popular Feedback on Populism
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The Purpose Came in 1911 via constitutional amendment (with the initiative and referendum). Advanced by Gov. Hiram Johnson. Was justified as a way to attack the graft and corruption of the time. No specified cause for recall; recallable offense is whatever a majority of voters says it is.
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Article II, Sec. 14, Par. (a) Recall of a state officer is initiated by delivering to the Secretary of State a petition alleging reason for recall [emphasis added]. Sufficiency of reason is not reviewable. Proponents have 160 days to file signed petitions.
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The Wall of Shame Targets of Progressive reformers: Sen. Marshall Black (R-Santa Clara,1913) Sen. Edwin Grant (D-San Francisco, 1914) Casualties of the Assembly Speaker fight: Ass. Paul Horcher (R-Los Angeles, 1995) Ass. Doris Allen (R-Orange, 1995)
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The Process To recall a statewide officer: Gather signatures of registered voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for that office. In five counties, gather signatures equal in number to 1% of that county’s vote. All within 160 days of submission of petition. To recall a legislator: Equal in number to 20% of district vote. Most governors face recall petitions. 31 prior unsuccessful attempts, including one against Davis’s in 1999. 117 total recalls attempted for state elected officials.
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The Process: The Dual Ballot Recall Yes or no vote on whether to recall the official in question. Takes a majority (50% +1 vote) to win. Replacement All qualified replacement candidates appear on the same ballot. Only takes a plurality (most votes) to win. These votes happen on the same ballot. Even if you vote no on the recall, you still vote for a replacement candidate in case the recall is successful.
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Getting on the Ballot Gather 65 signatures from registered voters. Pay $3,500 filing fee. No limits on the number of candidates. Candidates do not have to win a primary contest to have party listed by name. Can (did) have multiple candidates from same party.
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The Process: Turnout Effect Turnout in 2002: 36% Record low for a gubernatorial election Previous low was 37% in 1918
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Eligible Voter Turnout (for gubernatorial elections) 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 55% 60% 65% 70% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 55% 60% 65% 70%
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 104 taught by Professor Smith during the Summer '07 term at UC Davis.

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06recall - The Recall & the Governor July 10, 2007 The...

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