class09 - Presidential Nominations April 25, 2007 Today...

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Presidential Nominations April 25, 2007
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Today Review nominations Presidential nominations Historical systems McGovern-Frasier reforms (again) Prospects for 2008
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Nomination Systems King Caucus (1800-1824) National Convention (1832-1912) First primary (non-binding) was in 1904 Mixed (1912-1968) Plebiscitary (1972-present)
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States with Primaries 0 5 10 15 20 25 Democrats Republicans
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The Mixed System Primaries were largely cosmetic Did commit some delegates to the convention Not every candidate ran in them Demonstrated “electability” Kennedy “showed” a Catholic could win by winning Wisconsin and West Virginia in 1960 Johnson bowed out in 1968 after showing badly in New Hampshire and loosing in Wisconsin
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1968 Democratic Convention Candidate % of Delegates Hubert Humphrey 67% Eugene McCarthy 23% George S. McGovern 6% Channing Philips 3% Daniel K. Moore 1% Edward M. Kennedy 1%
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Nomination Systems King Caucus (1800-1824) National Convention (1832-1912) First primary (non-binding) was in 1904 Mixed (1912-1968) Plebiscitary (1972-present)
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McGovern-Fraser Reforms Within the Democratic Party Rules affecting how delegates are chosen: Unit rule prohibited -- delegates awarded on a proportional basis. Prohibited ex officio delegates -- all delegates had to be pledged via primary or caucus. All delegates had to be selected “within the calendar year of the convention.” Republicans “forced” into primaries/caucuses Had already sorted out activists’ role, though
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States with Primaries 0 10 20 30 40 50 Democrats Republicans Pre-McGovern-Frasier
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State Influence Control timing and form (in most cases) Parties control whose vote counts
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Some Party Differences Democrats: Proportional allocation of delegates Get delegates as long as get 15% of state vote 2004: Kerry: 2,947 delegates going into convention
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 160 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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class09 - Presidential Nominations April 25, 2007 Today...

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