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2022 FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx - SHEL011 THE FEMALE...

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SHEL011THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMMs MN MokabaneOffice no 1008 1stfloor Old Q-BlockDepartment of Physiology and Environmental Health[email protected]015 268 4672
FOR THIS MODULE YOU WILL NEED:Blackboard:All communication will be done on BB.All assessment will be done on BB.Lecture slides.Posted on BB.Assessment will be based on thecontent covered.Module outline and study guide.Posted on BB.Test dates, calendars and all importantinformation are contained in the MOand SG.
UNDERSTAND THEFUNCTIONS ANDDISORDERS OF THEFEMALEREPRODUCTIVESYSTEM
4FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVESYSTEMHormone ProductionOvulationMenstruationConceptionPregnancyMenopause
5FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVESYSTEMOvaryTwo functions:Produce and store the ovaProduce the female sex hormones: estrogen andprogesteroneEggs:Aka: gamete, germ cell, ovaImmature egg called oocyteEstrogen:Development of many female reproductiveorgans(endometrium)Dev. of many female sex characteristics(dev of breasts, hair growth on pubis and axillae etc…)causes the uterus to thicken with blood vessels and glandspreparing it for the development of an embryo if the egg isfertilized.Progesterone :Maintains the Thickening of the uterine lining (endometrium) soit can receivedeveloping embryoRegulates the monthly menstrual cycle
FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVESYSTEMFallopian tubesCilia and peristalsis of fallopiantubes/oviducts help propel ovum intothe uterusWhat are fimbriae and what is theirfunction?Fimbriae are fingerlike projections atends of fallopian tube nearest ovary. Thesweeping motion of their cilia help directthe ovum into the fallopian tubesFertilization takes place in thefallopian tubes!!
FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVESYSTEMUterusHollow muscular organ that isresponsible for the developmentof the embryo and fetus duringpregnancyInner mucous layer isendometriumEach month the endometriumthickens into a blood vessel richlayer in preparation for a fertilizedovum to implant
FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVESYSTEMCervixLowest region of the uterus thatextends into vaginaNarrow opening serves as passagewaybetween vaginal cavity and uterinecavityEndometrium shed monthly through thisopeningBabies pass through when bornSperm enters via this openingPap Smear is a procedure where doctorinserts a speculum into vagina to get a clearview of cervix. They then swab the cervix toget tissue samples.Samples are sent to test for cervical canceraswell as gonorrhea and chlamydia.
FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVESYSTEMVaginaConnects cervix of uterus tovulva (outside structures).Passageway that:Menstrual flow leavesthroughReceives penis duringintercourseBaby passes throughduringchildbirth

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