BIOL202 - Study Guide - Lecture 12 - Pre-Darwinian View on the Origin and Diversity of Species

BIOL202 - Study Guide - Lecture 12 - Pre-Darwinian View on the Origin and Diversity of Species

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STUDY GUIDE: LECTURE 12 PRE-DARWINIAN VIEWS ON THE ORIGIN AND DIVERSITY OF SPECIES READING: Red/Black Campbell, 7 th ed. pp. 438-441 Green Campbell, 6 th ed. pp. 428-431 MINI-MOVIES: Watch the two mini-movies on the sandgrouse posted on the course website. TERMINOLOGY: paleontology (use text or web) the Scala Naturae an acquired characteristic environmentally induced mutation QUESTIONS: 1. Prior to Darwin, the predominant idea with regards to the origin and diversity of species on Earth was “creationism.” State three major tenets of creationism. 2. Prior to Darwin, most scientists believed that species were “immutable.” What does immutable mean and why, prior to Darwin, was it felt that species were (or had to be) immutable? 3. In what basic way did Lamarck’s “Theory of Transformism” differ from the prevailing view on the fundamental nature of species at the time? 4. Lamarck was the first biologist to ardently suggest that species can change in form to adapt to changes in their environment (e.g., giraffes adapting to feeding on tall trees). One of his proposed mechanisms of adaptation was a process called “ felt needs
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course BIOL 201 taught by Professor Mechling during the Spring '07 term at Towson.

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BIOL202 - Study Guide - Lecture 12 - Pre-Darwinian View on the Origin and Diversity of Species

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