10-24 Odysseus - Odysseus Mr"Odious Lecture Outline...

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Odysseus, Mr. "Odious" Lecture Outline Classics 170 Professor Gregory A. Staley
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KEY CHARACTERS, CONCEPTS Comparison of Odysseus with Achilles as heroes Lotus-eaters Odysseus Object of hate Odysseus’ father Moral issues are crystal clear *** Hide true identity and take on a disguise It satisfies our basic anxieties about life and death by showing us the victory of the former "siren song" refers to an appeal that is hard to resist but that, if heeded, will lead to a bad result. Polyphemus: one eyed Scylla lived on the cliffs and Charybdis was a dangerous whirlpool. Not about anger but resourcefulness About life (the life that humans lead) “Don’t get mad, get even” Story of an angry man who does not have long to live and to confront death About death - because about leaving home Leaving home = confronting death Because if he went to troy he wouldn’t come back after 20 years But he didn’t have a choice
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Achilles: Head of medusa on breast plate “A soldier” We send young men to war Odysseus: Older, elder Looks to be on the move Sitting as a “thinker” and looking out to see and crying Sitting on the shore in Troy after having withdrawn from the war. Diametrically opposite with each other. Odysseus would have definitely gone home Reaffirms our sense of normalcy and the values of life. You are going to live. Death will come later Goes careless into unknown circumstances Has feet defects – connection to earth and mortality Unlike Achilles who gets fed ambrosia, from Athena, Odysseus has to eat FOOD = LIFE “Can turn in many ways” Never gets stuck, never stops moving. (This is how he stays alive) DOES NOT HAVE A DIVINE PARENT HAS TWO MORTAL PARENTS - Won’t have conflict - Won’t aspire to be a god - Won’t have illusions to defeat death - Accepts being you (a human) Related to Hermes (also a liar and thief) - Produces the grandfather of his mother - Most famous liar and thief his day. Odysseus’s mother’s name = bad reputation.
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(Anticleia) Object of Hate Odysseus gets his name from his grandfather Achilles = popular now Odysseus = popular to Greeks Greeks liked Odysseus because he is an untypical hero - Odysseus wins by tricking To be a hero you had to (be ROYAL) have an important father and grandfather Washing of his scar He is comfortable in his own skin - Accepted who they are (no one is perfect) - Not in conflict with his identity NEVER HAS AGNANORISIS Never has to figure out who he is. You must welcome in whoever and give them food and bed Central theme = food Says no to drug Does not eat the Lotus plant Knows when not to eat Only survivor because doesn’t eat the forbidden food (god’s cattle) Odysseus constantly confronting women Has one eye Tries to eat Odysseus. Odysseus gives him wine (symbol of civilization) He gets really hammered
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Says his name is Odes (nobody) Blinds Polyphemus (hides as sheep) First time he tells absolute truth.
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