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Unformatted text preview: A. 760 BC – Code of Hammurabi (6 th King of Babylon) • Retribution for offense was left to person victimized (“Eye for an Eye”) • Making the victim “whole” – making them before they were victimized i. i.e. if you stole a loaf of bread, you would return a loaf of bread B. But how would you do so if they take an arm away from you? Psychologically? C. 1066 (England) – Citizen Policy • Citizen groups were responsible for “policing” each other • Law enforcement was accomplished through “Posses” of citizens (Vigilante Movement) D. Early 1800’s – Private Security • Private security forces were hired by wealthy to protect assets. E. Mid 1800’s (USA) • Formal police forces were established but restricted to the larger cities in the northeast. Crime Prevention in the 20 th Century • Formal police departments were the norm • Psychologists/Sociologist began to evaluate the causes of deviant behavior – Why do people commit crimes?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CCJS 105 taught by Professor Mcgoin during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.
- Fall '08