Crime - A 760 BC Code of Hammurabi(6th King of Babylon...

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A. 760 BC – Code of Hammurabi (6 th King of Babylon) Retribution for offense was left to person victimized (“Eye for an Eye”) Making the victim “whole” – making them before they were victimized i. i.e. if you stole a loaf of bread, you would return a loaf of bread B. But how would you do so if they take an arm away from you? Psychologically? C. 1066 (England) – Citizen Policy Citizen groups were responsible for “policing” each other Law enforcement was accomplished through “Posses” of citizens (Vigilante Movement) D. Early 1800’s – Private Security Private security forces were hired by wealthy to protect assets. E. Mid 1800’s (USA) Formal police forces were established but restricted to the larger cities in the northeast. Crime Prevention in the 20 th Century Formal police departments were the norm Psychologists/Sociologist began to evaluate the causes of deviant behavior – Why do people commit crimes?
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