BIOL201 - Study 4

BIOL201 - Study 4 - 6 Describe the same for the carbonyl...

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Biology 201: Cellular Biology and Genetics Fall 2004 Study Guide: Chapter 4 1. Discriminate between organic and inorganic compounds, giving examples of each. 2. Are all organic compounds synthesized by living organisms? If not what DEFINES and organic compound and give examples of those NOT synthesized by living organisms. 3. Why is carbon so well suited as the basis of organic compounds? Specifically compare carbon to Beryllium (atomic number 4) and Silicon (atomic number 14). 4. How many bonds can form between two Carbon atoms, and what is the rotation around those bonds? 5. Describe the characteristics of the hydroxyl functional group, and how its presence would effect a simple hydrocarbon chain in terms of reactivity, solubility in water and boiling point.
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Unformatted text preview: 6. Describe the same for the carbonyl, carboxyl, amine, sulfhydryl, and phosphate groups. 7. Distinguish between structural, geometric, and stereo isomers (or enantiomers). Be able to give examples of each, recognize them, and explain what effect the alternate forms might have on their chemical properties. Be able to draw multiple structural isomers based on a molecular formula. 8. Be able to name compounds based on their functional groups. 9. Be able to predict whether a compound would be soluble or insoluble in water based on its structure. 10. Be able to predict possible structural formulas for molecular formulas that will require a double bond between 2 carbon atoms. For example, the molecular formula C 3 H 6...
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