Section III Notes Continued - Section III Notes Continued...

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Section III Notes ContinuedReconstruction and the Math of After (Lecture 11/08/12)I.Lincoln and Politicsa.Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Addressi.Sets a tone of resignation – relatively short inaugural address ii.Tries to reunite the North and South through speech – says they both share the same language, the same Bible, etc.1.Claims that the war was brought on by God2.Said the nation brought on slavery together – it was a shared curse & God was punishing them for ita.Said this to the Nation so they would submit and chase forgiveness – wants them to accept that what has happened can’t be blamed on anyone & revenge for it cannot be takenII.Confederacy’s Fall (1865)a.Carolinas Campaigni.Sherman starts using his own methods of war – arrives in Columbia February 17thand the city surrenders1.Columbia ends up burning to the groundii.Battle of Bentonville – In North Carolina – burning down everything in their path – Sherman only engages with Johnston one time in a battle 1.Sherman’s goal is to attack morale; not actually attack confederate troopsiii.Significance – Confederate forces mostly fled from wherever Sherman marchedb.Petersburgi.Petersburg is broken – Grant’s men over power Lee’s army in numbersc.Appomattox (April 9, 1865)i.Grant tells Lee he has to surrender because the war is overii.Lee doesn’t want to surrender and let the CSA down1.Lee tries to break away but it doesn’t work2.Lee forced to surrenderiii.Grant extends very nice terms to Lee and his army – he gives him food rations because he knows Lee’s army is starving; also allows everyone to keep their horses (big deal because the southerners going home need their horses for farm work)III.Assassination of Lincolna.Sad Codasi.Everyone hears the news that Lee surrenders on April 9, 1865 and Lincoln was then assassinated April 14, 18651.Significance: People barely have time to wrap their minds around the fact that the war is over when Lincoln is then assassinated – people feellike the violence will never end (sad codas)b.John Wilkes Boothi.The “Brad Pitt” of his time – he is very famous and an actor 1.He had access to all the theatres and stages BECAUSE he was so famous – made it easy to just walk into Lincoln’s booth and shoot himii.Lincoln had watched Booth perform before – he admired Booth’s acting and sends him a note of appreciation
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Chapter 8 / Exercise 81
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