chapter 11 - Elizabeth Hight October 9, 2007 Chapter Eleven...

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Elizabeth Hight October 9, 2007 Chapter Eleven Learning Goal One 1. What changes take place in the self during the middle and late childhood years? During this age group, children begin to realize between inner and outer self such as personality versus eye color. They also begin to place themselves in social categories like Girl or Boy Scouts. Children also recognize their abilities and begin to compare their abilities with other children. Concepts such as self concept and self esteem are important to their well being. Children also begin to achieve positive outcomes in a situation, and actually believe they can achieve rather than not succeeding. 2. How does emotion change during middle and late childhood? Since children begin to further understand their emotions, the show a growing awareness of showing two emotions at once, realize events that make them feel emotions, suppress their emotions, and redirect feelings through doing other things. They also increase emotional intelligence by monitoring ones feelings, thinking about a solution, and then acting upon their solution. 3. What is Kohlberg’s theory of moral development and how has it been criticized? How do prosocial behavior and altruism develop during the middle and late childhood years? Kohlberg’s theory consists of three stages of moral development, and it shows how children progress through the moral thought process. The first stage is preconventional reasoning, and good and bad is associated with rewards and punishments. Second, is conventional reasoning and children start to set moral standards, but are set by others such as their parents or peers. Third, is post conventional reasoning and the child recognizes a problem, reviews options, and then acts on their personal
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 800 taught by Professor Armentrevieu during the Fall '07 term at The University of Akron.

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chapter 11 - Elizabeth Hight October 9, 2007 Chapter Eleven...

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