learning obj8

Learning obj8 - Chapter 8 Friendship and Love Learning Objectives 1 Define close relationships and give some examples Close relationships are those

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Chapter 8: Friendship and Love Learning Objectives 1. Define close relationships and give some examples. Close relationships are those that are important, interdependent, and long lasting. People in close relationships spend a lot of time and energy maintaining the relationship, and what one person says and does affects the other. E.g. family relationships, friendships, romantic relationships, marriage, work relationships. 2. Describe how individualistic and collectivist cultures view love and marriage. Marriage-for-love represents an ultimate expression of individualism. Marriages arranged by families and other go-betweens remain common in cultures high in collectivism including China, India, Japan, and West African countries. People in collectivist cultures give strong consideration to the impact a relationship will have on their family. Cultural views of love and marriage are linked to both a culture’s values and its economic health. 3. Describe some differences between Internet and face-to-face interactions and how the Internet affects relationship development. Research generally paints a very positive picture of the Internet’s impact on people’s connections with one another. Internet groups provide a safer venue than real life for individuals with stigmatized identities. Also, the anonymous nature of Internet communication does make it easy for dishonest individuals to take advantage of others Research also suggests that virtual relationships are just as intimate as face-to-face ones and sometimes even closer. E.g. People in chat rooms were better able to express their true selves. The internet also encourages relationship formation based on shared interests and values (which holds more power) instead of on physical appearance, as is more often the situation in offline interactions. Also, feelings of intimacy can develop more quickly. 4. Discuss the roles of proximity and familiarity in initial attraction. Because attraction usually depends on proximity, with the exclusion of online dating, people have to be in the same place at the same time. Proximity refers to geographic, residential, and other forms of spatial closeness. Familiarity has a large impact on initial attraction. Positive feelings arise just on the basis of seeing someone frequently. Mere exposure effect, or an increase of positive feelings for someone based on frequent exposure to it has a vast impact on initial attraction. 5. Summarize the findings on physical attractiveness in initial attraction. Physical attractiveness plays a major role in initial face-to-face encounters. However, because these studies are based on self-report, the gender difference of men placing more importance on physical attractiveness than women may be artificially heightened. In another cross-cultural study, men and women both ranked personal qualities of higher importance. 6.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 3012 taught by Professor O'kon during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Learning obj8 - Chapter 8 Friendship and Love Learning Objectives 1 Define close relationships and give some examples Close relationships are those

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