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Sp_221_W3D1_DT & PopHealthV2

Sp_221_W3D1_DT & PopHealthV2 - Demographic...

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Demographic Transition and Introduction to Population Health April 14, 2008 Soc 211 Population Issues
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Learning Objectives… By the end of this session, you will be able to: Define and describe the demographic transition Define population health Describe the difference between “ population health ” and “ public health ” and explain why the difference is relevant Define the Social/Structural Determinants of Health (SDOH)
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Demographic Transition A model that describes the 4 stages of change that a population tends to progress through as it moves from high mortality and fertility rates to low mortality and fertility rates.
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Demographic Transition applied to LDCs Based on experiences of MDCs, but less representative of LDCs Fertility decline in LDCs hasn’t happened as fast Some think they’re “stuck” in stages 2 and 3 Coale’s 3 preconditions for fertility decline not met
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Population Health What makes a population healthy? 2 important concepts to define: POPULATION A collection of individuals with defined by some common characteristics: society, classroom, country HEALTH “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO 1986)
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Why is Jason in the hospital? Because he has a bad infection in his leg. But why does he have an infection? Because he has a cut on his leg and it got infected. But why does he have a cut on his leg? Because he was playing in the junk yard next to his apartment building and there was some sharp, jagged steel there that he fell on.
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Jason is still in the hospital… But why was he playing in a junk yard? Because his neighborhood is kind of run down. A lot of kids play there without supervision. But why does he live in that neighborhood? Because his parents can’t afford a nicer place to live. But why can’t his parents afford a nicer place to live?
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