Sp_221_W3D1_DT & PopHealthV2

Sp_221_W3D1_DT & PopHealthV2 - Demographic...

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Unformatted text preview: Demographic Transition and Introduction to Population Health April 14, 2008 Soc 211 Population Issues Learning Objectives By the end of this session, you will be able to: Define and describe the demographic transition Define population health Describe the difference between population health and public health and explain why the difference is relevant Define the Social/Structural Determinants of Health (SDOH) Demographic Transition A model that describes the 4 stages of change that a population tends to progress through as it moves from high mortality and fertility rates to low mortality and fertility rates. Demographic Transition applied to LDCs Based on experiences of MDCs, but less representative of LDCs Fertility decline in LDCs hasnt happened as fast Some think theyre stuck in stages 2 and 3 Coales 3 preconditions for fertility decline not met Population Health What makes a population healthy? 2 important concepts to define: POPULATION A collection of individuals with defined by some common characteristics: society, classroom, country HEALTH Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO 1986) Why is Jason in the hospital? Because he has a bad infection in his leg. But why does he have an infection? Because he has a cut on his leg and it got infected. But why does he have a cut on his leg? Because he was playing in the junk yard next to his apartment building and there was some sharp, jagged steel there that he fell on. Jason is still in the hospital But why was he playing in a junk yard? Because his neighborhood is kind of run down. A lot of kids play there without supervision. But why does he live in that neighborhood? Because his parents cant afford a nicer place to live. But why cant his parents afford a nicer place to live?...
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Sp_221_W3D1_DT & PopHealthV2 - Demographic...

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