Chapter 12 - 1 Chapter 12 culture, Creativity, and...

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1 Chapter 12 – culture, Creativity, and innovation Organizational culture: Its Basic Nature Organizational Culture: A definition o Organizational culture as a cognitive framework consisting of assumptions and values shared by organization members o Organizational culture also reflects different values that are shared by members of the organization o Organizations, where people do not feel values are considered having toxic organizational culture o Organizational that treat people well-said to have healthy organizational culture-tend to have very low turnover o Organizational culture does the following Provides a sense of identity for members Generates commitment to the organization’s mission Clarifies and reinforces standards of behavior Cultures Within organizations: One or Many o Organizations particularly large ones, typically have several cultures operating within them o Subcultures0culture existing within parts of organizations rather than entirely through them o Several subcultures based on occupational, professional, or functional divisions usually exist within any large organization o There also may not be a dominant culture, a distinctive, overarching “personality” of an organization-the kind of culture to which we have been referring Major types of organizational culture: the competing values framework o According to this approach the cultures of organizations differs with respect to two sets of opposite values, that is the extent to which the organization values 1) flexibility and discretion as opposed to stability, order and control and 2) attention to internal affairs as opposed to what’s going on in the external environment o Hierarchy culture Organizations described as having a hierarchy culture have an internal focus and emphasize stability o Market culture The term market culture describes organizations that are concerned with stability and control but are external in their orientation culture o Clan culture An organization is said to have a clan culture when it has a strong internal focus along with a high degree of flexibility and discretion With goals that are highly shared by members of the organization and high levels of cohesiveness such organizations feel more like extended families than economic entities o Adhocracy culture
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course BUSINESS 2400 taught by Professor Deutch-salamon during the Winter '08 term at York University.

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Chapter 12 - 1 Chapter 12 culture, Creativity, and...

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