Guidelines for Writing a Summary 1. Preview the article by noting (a) what kind of article it is and (b) how it is structured. Does it appear to be primarily research-oriented or primarily informative? Is it more explanatory or more persuasive? Note how the writer has structured the article, for example, through division into parts or sections. What headings are provided? Do those headings help you anticipate the content of the article? Does the article use the standard research structure (introduction, methods, results, and discussion) or something similarly conventional? 2. Read straight through the entire article once to get a sense of the subject , the writer’s focus, and the writer’s thesis or main assertion . 3. Identify the focus and paraphrase the thesis or main point. (The thesis typically appears near the end of the introduction. You may also find it restated in the conclusion of the article.) 4. Identify the focus and main point of each section or part. (If no sections are provided, watch for
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