PhilRevFinal - Plato Dualist o True philosopher is always pursuing death and dying Philosopher is the lover of wisdom You have to live ascetically and

PhilRevFinal - Plato Dualist o True philosopher is always...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

Plato - Dualist o “True philosopher is always pursuing death and dying” Philosopher is the lover of wisdom. You have to live ascetically and think abstractly, and turn away from bodily needs. o Soul – immortal, incorruptible, intangible, unchangeable o Body- mortal, corruptible, tangible, changeable o Hedonism - pursue physical pleasure, indulge View that physical pleasure = happiness, thus one shouldn’t limit one's pursuit of physical pleasures o Asceticism – pursue abstract wisdom, don’t indulge View that one should strictly limit one's pursuit of physical pleasures, for the sake of some spiritual goal (wisdom), separate soul from the influence of body o Simmias Soul to body Harmony to lyre Simmias believes that the soul is an effect to the body, And that the body commands the soul, like the Lyre commands the Harmony He believes that the body is life giving , and is an effect dependent on lyre (Soul cannot exist without the body) That is not the case because the soul commands the body, and there will always be out of tune- dissonance. The soul is often opposed to the body. Socrates disagrees because Harmony can't be at odds with lyre but the soul can be at odds with the body Soul disciplines/commands body “Body is ‘I’m hungry,’ Soul ‘nope’ ” o Cebes Weaver to Cloak Soul outlives the body Strong, eternal Socrates brings up opposites (cannot be) Soul possess life Soul cannot die, to bring life fire brings heat, snow brings cold Descartes- Dualist “Father of Modern Philosophy” o Methodic Doubt Doubts extramental* existence of sensible** things 1.senses deceive 2. Dream argument - Can’t find anything in waking reality certain o * things out of the mind/conscious/mentality o **feel, touch, taste, see, hear Get truth, absolute certainty Reject anything as false is slightly doubtful o “I think, therefore I am” - first certainty Cogito, ergo sum I am a mind, entirely independent of the body Nature to think, not sense o God He is perfect, no doubt Idea of God
Humans too imperfect to come up with God More perfect can't rise from imperfect God causes us to be in a condition for us to use the senses, to be real Believe sensible things are real Aquinas on Immateriality of Intellect o Premise: Whatever is received is received according to the mode of the recipient. o Conclusion: The intellect receives forms of things immaterially (universal/abstract) therefore the intellect is immaterial (nonphysical) o Concept/idea is universal All material things are particular (individual/discrete) Ideas are not particular

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture