100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.
Plato - Dualisto“True philosopher is always pursuing death and dying”Philosopher is the lover of wisdom. You have to live ascetically and think abstractly, and turn away from bodily needs.oSoul – immortal, incorruptible, intangible, unchangeableoBody- mortal, corruptible, tangible, changeableoHedonism - pursue physical pleasure, indulgeView that physical pleasure = happiness, thus one shouldn’t limit one's pursuit of physical pleasuresoAsceticism – pursue abstract wisdom, don’t indulgeView that one should strictly limit one's pursuit of physical pleasures, for the sakeof some spiritual goal (wisdom), separate soul from the influence of bodyoSimmias Soul to bodyHarmony to lyreSimmias believes that the soul is an effect to the body, And that the body commands the soul, like the Lyre commands the HarmonyHe believes that the body is life giving , and is an effect dependent on lyre (Soul cannot exist without the body)That is not the case because the soul commands the body, and there will always be out of tune- dissonance. The soul is often opposed to the body.Socrates disagrees because Harmony can't be at odds with lyre but the soul can be at odds with the bodySoul disciplines/commands body“Body is ‘I’m hungry,’ Soul ‘nope’ ”oCebes Weaver to Cloak Soul outlives the bodyStrong, eternalSocrates brings up opposites (cannot be)Soul possess lifeSoul cannot die, to bring lifefire brings heat, snow brings coldDescartes- Dualist “Father of Modern Philosophy”oMethodic DoubtDoubts extramental* existence of sensible** things1.senses deceive2. Dream argument - Can’t find anything in waking reality certain o* things out of the mind/conscious/mentalityo**feel, touch, taste, see, hearGet truth, absolute certaintyReject anything as false is slightly doubtfulo“I think, therefore I am” - first certaintyCogito, ergo sumI am a mind, entirely independent of the bodyNature to think, not senseoGodHe is perfect, no doubtIdea of God
Humans too imperfect to come up with GodMore perfect can't rise from imperfectGod causes us to be in a condition for us to use the senses, to be realBelieve sensible things are realAquinas on Immateriality of IntellectoPremise: Whatever is received is received according to the mode of the recipient. oConclusion:The intellect receives forms of things immaterially (universal/abstract)therefore the intellect is immaterial (nonphysical) oConcept/idea is universalAll material things are particular (individual/discrete) Ideas are not particular