Lesson One1.1 INTRODUCTIONAt any time of our lives we are members of one organization or another e.g. Church, School, College, Workplace etc. The organizations we belong to are diverse in many aspects for example size, structure, membership and ownership.However these organizations all have certain things in common.These include:A goal or purposeProgram or method for achieving the goals.Plans to ensure effectiveness of the goals.Leaders/Managers who are responsible for helping the organization achieve its goals.So the study of management involves the study of the work and performance of managers i.e. how organizations are managed so that they can achieve their goals.1.2 DEFINING MANAGEMENTSeveral definitions of management have been advanced but becauseof the complex nature of management no one definition has been universally accepted.The simplest definition of management was given by Mary Parker Follet.She defined management as "the art of getting things done through people". From this definition we see that managers achieve organizational goals by arranging for others the necessary tasks to be performed to achieve the goals of the organization, hence they do not do the work themselves.Management has also been defined as the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the efforts of organizational members and using all other resources to achieve stated organizational goals.A process is a systematic way of doing things so management is systematic.Planning means that the actions of managers are based on some method, or logic organizing means that manager’s co- ordinate the human and non human resources in order to achieve goals.