12 Midterm Review

12 Midterm Review - Midterm Review February 21, 2008...

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Midterm Review February 21, 2008 MIDTERM: o 4-5 possible questions --> choose 2 o General intro, explain importance o Go into details on ideas o Argue and counterargument   CONFUCIANISM Pre-Confucianism o Chinese attitudes before Confucianism --> Pre-Confucian thought o Classic of Documents Mandate of Heaven: rights and obligations of rulers What earns heaven's favor, what can remove it What does virtue entail in this idea Strong current of demand by heaven Readiness of heaven to punish if demands are not met o Relation between spirits and humans Relative importance of the two difference worlds First hint of Chinese humanism o Role of Ruler To provide prosperity among the people What role do spirits play? Spirits need sponsors in human world in order to play viable role If people are in good situations, they can support spirits Spirits then bless the state o Prayer of the Duke of Zhou Take his own life instead of his brother Heaven's vengeance for neglecting duke of Zhou (honorable uncle) Heaven is always an observing force
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12 Midterm Review - Midterm Review February 21, 2008...

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