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Allied Health Assignment 3 - 1 List and explain the...

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1. List and explain the characteristics of each of the seven stages of life. The characteristics are to include physical, mental, emotional and social development. In infancy there are rapid changes in the physical development , weight usually triples and height increases by about seven inches. Muscles begin to get stronger and the development of the nervous system is drastic. In their first year of life infants learn to grab, develop a sucking reflex and learn the rooting reflex. Most infants begin to develop their teeth towards the end of their first year of life as well. Mental development is also extremely fast during the first year of life because infants learn to respond to their environment. Newborns respond to their discomforts by crying, examples of this is, cold, hunger, and pain. By twelve months some infants can use one word vocabulary in daily life. Emotional development is a daily development. Newborns can show excitement. By 4 to 6 months there are many more feelings that are exhibited such as distress, delight, and fear. By a year affection is shown. Social development is a progressive movement that develops with age. At four months most infants can recognize their caregiver and they usually begin to continually stare at others. At six months they begin to watch the activities of others and may become shy and withdrawn. In early childhood development the infant becomes a toddler. Physical development is a little slower. The skeletal system as well as muscle development allows the child to assume a more adult appearance. The lower part of the body tends to grow faster than the head, arms, and chest. As the upper body muscles develop a child learns to hold a fork/spoon, draw, and write. The child also learns how to control their bladder and bowels during the early childhood stage. Mental development is probably the fastest stage of development during early childhood. The vocabulary of the child increases dramatically during the growth period. They begin to become interested in several activities. Children also begin to have a more detailed memory and ask frequent questions. By the end of the growth period the child are very verbal and are beginning
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to learn how to write. Emotional development is another stage that advances quickly. The child usually attempts to defy their safety limits as well as becoming very impatient and frustrated as they do things they are not capable of doing. Children during this stage like a daily routine and do not like it to be broken. Younger children experience anxiety when they are faced with new tasks, however as they grow older the anxiety becomes less intense. Social development grows during this stage due to the fact that they begin to make friends. During the early stages of childhood the child is usually extremely attached to their parent because they fear separation.
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