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5 Mencius - Mencius Name in Chinese Meng zi Disciple of...

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Mencius January 29, 2008 Name in Chinese: Meng zi Disciple of Confucius (not direct); in contact with Confucius' grandson Lived in 4th century BC-3rd century BC Developed theories in the midst of welfare Contributed to history of Confucianism Traveled to many states/kingdoms Theory about human nature: biggest contribution o His teachings and beliefs were intertwined w/ human nature o Goodness in humans- part of nature or learned? o Mencius: we are born with a good nature (not perfect) Still in need of education, government, good examples Proves it by appealing to emotions and self-respect A child is trapped in a well- do you stop and help? Humans don't stop and think: gut reaction is to save that child We don't admit if we inhuman enough Motivation: humaneness, pity, commiseration, sense of mercy Can not be acquired- did not need to be taught o We are also born with a sense of shame because we have a conscience Sense of dislike towards doing the wrong thing o
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