ALGORITHMS AND FLOWCHARTS
ALGORITHMS AND FLOWCHARTS A typical programming task can be divided into two phases: Problem solving phase produce an ordered sequence of steps that describe solution of problem this sequence of steps is called an algorithm Implementation phase implement the program in some programming language
Steps in Problem Solving First produce a general algorithm (one can use pseudocode ) Refine the algorithm successively to get step by step detailed algorithm that is very close to a computer language. Pseudocode is an artificial and informal language that helps programmers develop algorithms. Pseudocode is very similar to everyday English.
Pseudocode & Algorithm Example 1: Write an algorithm to determine a student’s final grade and indicate whether it is passing or failing. The final grade is calculated as the average of four marks.
Pseudocode & Algorithm Pseudocode : Input a set of 4 marks Calculate their average by summing and dividing by 4 if average is below 50 Print “FAIL” else Print “PASS”
Pseudocode & Algorithm Detailed Algorithm Step 1: Input M1,M2,M3,M4 Step 2: GRADE ← (M1+M2+M3+M4)/4 Step 3: if (GRADE < 50) then Print “FAIL” else Print “PASS” endif
The Flowchart (Dictionary) A schematic representation of a sequence of operations, as in a manufacturing process or computer program. (Technical) A graphical representation of the sequence of operations in an information system or program.
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- Pseudocode & Algorithm