Lecture4_African Diaspora

Lecture4_African Diaspora - Legacy of Colonization in...

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Legacy of Colonization in Africa Lecture 4 Geog 130 ronaldl@umd.edu
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Background • Africa has been know as: – “the cradle of human history,” – “cradle of mankind” – “the first habitat for man.” • The history of Africa does not start with the arrival of European. • Africa’s history before the arrival of Europe was rich, varied, and complex similar to Latin America or Asia.
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Background What is the influence of the Arab Culture in Africa? •R e l i g i o n : traders brought Islam to the Horn of Africa which spread south and west. • Trading : Civilization of Egypt along the Nile River. • Establishment of towns : formation of towns along the Indian Ocean. • Language : The rise of Swahili as the most important language in the region.
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Diffusion of Islam Source: Rubenstein, 2003
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Jewish Dispersion: 70-1500 A.D. Source: Rubenstein, 2003
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Diffusion of World Religions
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Colonialism What are the motives for colonialism? 1) Religious Motives 2) Cultural Motives 3) Economic Motives 4) Strategic Motives 5) Surplus Population Motives 6) Prestige Motives
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African Diaspora • Footnote- Europeans did not invent slavery. Previous civilizations such as the Romans, Aztecs, Greeks, and others practice slavery. • Modern slavery originated in medieval Islamic societies. Arabs and Persians invented long distance slave trade that transported millions of sub-Sahara captives stretching from Islamic Spain to India. • From 1526 to 1870 anywhere from 10 to 50 million men, women, and children were forced to participate in the African Diaspora. • Economic commodity- slaves were the major export from the west coast of Africa between 1600-1700. • British and Portuguese each shipped about 2 million slaves to Western Hemisphere, with most of the slaves going to the Caribbean and Brazil.
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African Diaspora Source: Bergman and Renwick, 2003
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Atlantic Slave Triangle
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Berlin Conference When and where was it held? • The conference was held in Berlin in from October 1884 to February 1885. What was the purpose? • The purpose of the conference was to discuss the future boundaries of Africa. • To prevent war among themselves and protect their interests. Who was invited and who benefited? • All important Europeans powers (no African representatives).
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Lecture4_African Diaspora - Legacy of Colonization in...

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