Lecture2_What%20is%20a%20developing%20country

Lecture2_What%20is%20a%20developing%20country - What is a...

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What is a Developing Country? Lecture 2 Geog 130
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Announcements • How to access blackboard? www.elms.umd.edu • Know your discussion section and t.a. – T.A.: Brandon Nero – Email: brandon.g.nero@gmail.com – Christian Castro – Email: ccastro2@umd.edu • Sending email to your T.A.’s – Please put Geog 130 and Sec. Number
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Perspective Perspective I am a citizen, not of Athens or Greece, but of the I am a citizen, not of Athens or Greece, but of the World. World. Socrates Socrates There are only two families in the world: the haves There are only two families in the world: the haves and the have nots. and the have nots. Cervantes Cervantes We are all citizens of one world, we are all of the We are all citizens of one world, we are all of the same blood same blood let us but have one end in view, the let us but have one end in view, the welfare of humanity welfare of humanity Comenius Comenius
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Why is the World Divided?
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Which Term Do We Use? • “Have-not” • “Underdeveloped” • “Less-developed” • “The other world” • “South” • “Non Industrialized” • “Non-western” •“Lazy” “Third World” “Developing”
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Origin of the Term “Third World” “First World”: Countries promoting development; or western industrialized community “Second World”: Countries opposing development; or communist countries “Third World”: Countries that need development; or countries with limited economic development, socioeconomic problems, lack stable political structure, and depend on industrialized countries.
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Emergence of the Third World (1950-1960) How did the term originate? • Wolf-Phillips (1979) attributes the first use of term “Third World” to Alfred Sauvry in 1952. • The origin of the term was political in nature. Researchers were searching for a “third force” or “third way” as an alternative for Communism and Democracy. • The term was used as an alternative to countries who did not want to be identified with Moscow or Washington. • Became a term of resistance adopted by newly created countries during the 1950’s such as India, Egypt, and Yugoslavia.
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Emergence of the Third World (1950-1960) How did the meaning of the term changed? • The 1960s witnessed a major shift by social scientists toward the nature of economic development and underdevelopment . • However, much of the economic debate was predicated
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course GEOG 130 taught by Professor Luna during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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Lecture2_What%20is%20a%20developing%20country - What is a...

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