Lecture10_Health

Lecture10_Health - Health Lecture 10 Geog 130 Outline...

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Health Lecture 10 Geog 130
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Outline • Leading causes of death • HIV/AIDS • Infant mortality • Pregnancy related deaths • Malnutrition • Solutions
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What are the leading causes of death? For low and middle-income countries, 2001 2.5% 1.21 Malaria 9 7.0% 3.41 Lower respiratory infections 3 5.3% 2.55 HIV/AIDS 4 5.1% 2.49 Perinatal Conditions (newborn or fetus) 5 4.9% 2.38 Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease 6 3.3% 1.59 Tuberculosis 8 3.7% 1.78 Diarrhea diseases 7 2.2% 1.07 Road traffic accidents 10 9.5% 4.61 Cerebrovascular Disease 2 11.8% 5.70 Ischemic Heart disease 1 Percent of Total Death (Millions) Cause Rank Brown, David. (April 3, 2006). Saving Millions for Just a Few Dollar. The Washington Post
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HIV/AIDS What is the impact of HIV/AIDS worldwide? • It is estimated that 40 million people around the world are infected with HIV/AIDS in 2005. • around 14,000 people are infected with the disease every day. • In 2005 alone, 3.1 million people worldwide died of Aids. • The toll is expected to grow significantly within the next decade. 95% of the HIV cases are found in the developing world!!!!!!!!! www.samaritanspurse.org ; Newbold, K. B. (2007) Six Billion Plus.
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HIV/AIDS What is the impact of HIV/AIDS on Africa? • Aids has become the leading cause of death in Sub- Sahara Africa!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! • More than 17 million Africans have died of HIV/AIDS- related diseases since the late 1970s. • 9,600 people died of AIDS-related diseases in Africa daily. • With an adult (15-49 yrs. old) infection rate of 7.2%. • The total people affected in Sub-Sahara Africa in 2005 was 25.8 million. • Sub-Saharan Africa represents 60% of the world’s cases!!!!!! www.samaritanspurse.org ; Newbold, K. B. (2007) Six Billion Plus.
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0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Highly Industrialized* Sub-Saharan Africa South and East Asia Latin America/Caribbean Eastern Europe, other** People With HIV/AIDS, Cumulative Regional Totals Millions Growth of the AIDS Epidemic * North America, Europe (except Eastern Europe), Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. **Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Middle East, and North Africa. Source: UNAIDS, “Twenty Years of HIV/AIDS: Fact Sheet,” 2002, and unpublished data.
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HIV/AIDS What is the impact of HIV/AIDS on Children? • 570,000 children died worldwide in 2005. • The disease has left more than 13 million orphans in sub-Saharan Africa alone. • It is estimated that between 1.1 million and 1.7 million infants are infected with the AIDS virus through breast-feeding. • Zambia has more than 650,000 orphans as a direct result of HIV/AIDS. • Zimbabwe has more than 1,000,000 orphans as a direct result of HIV/AIDS. • By the end of this decade it would take 80,000 orphanages, holding 500 orphans each, just to house the children with AIDS in sub-Saharan alone. • 80% of the children living with HIV are found in the African Continent!!!!!! www.samaritanspurse.org ; Newbold, K. B. (2007) Six Billion Plus.
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0.0% - 1.0% Data unavailable / not in region Adults (ages 15-49) with HIV/AIDS 20.1% - 39.0% 10.1% - 20.0% 5.1% - 10.0% 1.1% - 5.0% 1996 2001 1986 1991 Source: UNAIDS, “A Global View of HIV Infection” (www.unaids.org, accessed July 8, 2002).
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Lecture10_Health - Health Lecture 10 Geog 130 Outline...

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