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Unformatted text preview: Sociology notes Test 2 Becoming a social being Nonverbal communication: facial expression, gestures, space, silence We interact verbally, but much of our communication is nonverbal, through gestures (lots of cultural variation, can only be understood in a cultural context) and bodies, which we don’t give thought to • Closeness to other people, like in escalator or elevator shows our sense of space • Women feel they can get closer than men • Situations where it’s ok to have less social space: concerts, crowded train. It depends of number of people to space available. It also depends on status of person for space needed: cultural, ender, personal preference affects sense of personal space Erving Goffman: we are on stage, and presenting a self, we engage in impression management : manage impression brcause we want our self image to be shown, and we want them to believe things about ourselves unconsciously or consciously Front stage behavior : not very formal, what others see that you let them see Back stage: what you don’t see, what goes into making the product/outwards appearance Homosocial reproduction : hiring people like oneself: lose uniquenss and pride of background, lose diversity and background and interactions with background Hidden injuries of class: working class parents work many hours to enable children to have opportunities, but then parents don’t spend time with their children. When a child is successful in life and gets wealth, the child is less familiar to parents because of new culture when parent is lower class Reference group : a group you are in or you aspire to, group to which you compare yourself to Group dynamics : size influences relationships Ratios of people: 85 men to 15 women: the women are tokens, experience particular dynamics and stereotypes. Women were seen as sex objects, mascots, mothers, or iron maidens, men were seen as father, sex objct, strong man, all of which interfere with ability to do work. Group inducing conformity: Solomon Asch: interested in effect of small group on individual: go along with somehting even if they think it’s wrong because they conformed. When people feel uninformed and it’s ambiguous and there I sunanimity, there is usually conformity Primary socialization Amish: children under 2 is not sinful because they don’t know any better, but as they get older, they must help parents, expected to be responsibe, repect authority, listen to others, observe and imitate elders, need to learn wholesome values of humility, forgiveness, stay in group and community. How this is learned: repetition, don’t challenge ideas in school, obedience and age equals authority, play a lot, which emphasizes group acitivity, not taught competition, learn how to have interactions with outsiders Parenting Brothers: more discipline, they have curfews, do wel in school, no illegal activities, siblings have higher education and are not a negative inflence, they have secure stable...
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- Fall '07
- Sociology, deviance Deviance, identity Secondary deviance, avoidance Sex segregation, class Reference group