Prelim 2 Study Answers - 1. a) Programming- determining the...

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1. a) Programming - determining the critical function and purpose of a space in order to optimize its performance POE - A survey or poll of past inhabitants used to determine the effectiveness of the space; which can then be used for programming b) COGNITIVE APPRAISAL - human respnes to the environment that are typically mediated by symbolic meaning Manifest- objective function Latent- symbolic, sociocultural meaning PERSONAL SPACE - interpersonal distance zones involved with and effected by verbal and nonverbal communication TERRITORIALITY - a place or area in space that temporarily or permanently belongs to you. PRIVACY - “Boundary Regulation” the optimization of desired social interationc and actual social interaction DEFENSIBLE SPACE - The satisfaction, security and comfort desired within a territory CROWDING - mental burden; a psychological construct in which too much social interaction occurs c) refer to your Dormitory Design Guideline Project 2. a) SUBCLINICAL EFFECTS - subtle behavioral symptoms at lower doses than those needed to cause physiological damage CRITICAL PERIOD - the environmental impact on the developmental stages during plasticity BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS - the relation of environmental toxins to the behavioral and psychological effects (i.e. cognitive disabilities, IQ score decline) b) Lead is a harmful ingredient formerly used in paints, gasoline and plumbing soder. It has been found that lead traces found within the human body negatively effect certain cognitive abilities, especially during critical periods of development. There is a higher concentration of lead in urban areas due to the high population of combustion engines. NEEDLEMAN examined a cohort of baby teeth for lead sequestration and related those lead levels to behavioral and cognitive tests on the patients later in development. The findings showed a correlation between low lead levels and reading disabilities as well as IQ scores being lower. While lead levels in the blood may not be high enough to elicit physical disabilities or deformities, small doses are known to cause psychological and behavioral effects in as small as 5.5 micrograms/gram of blood. Lead at these levels has been associated with slower reaction time, reading comprehension problems and even criminal behavior. c) The evidence that negative psychological and behavioral outcomes from even low lead concentration s within the blood is irrefutable; it is therefore in the community’s best health interest to have the toxin removed. If the perpetrator does not fund the removal of the toxin than the financial burden will have to rest on the local government and public.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course DEA 1500 taught by Professor Garyw.evans during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Prelim 2 Study Answers - 1. a) Programming- determining the...

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