PSY352S08childhoodCh15

PSY352S08childhoodCh15 - Disorders of Childhood and...

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Unformatted text preview: Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence Chapter 15 PSY352 Spring 2008 Dr. Bradbury Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence • Almost 21% of U.S. children, ages 9-17, have a diagnosable DSM disorder associated with at least minimal impairment – 11% have significant impairment – 5% have extreme impairment Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence (cont’d) • Developmental disorders: – PDD spectrum – Learning disorders – Feeding and elimination disorders • Externalizing disorders: – Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder – Disruptive behavior disorders • Oppositional defiant disorder • Conduct disorder • Internalizing disorders: – Mood disorders – Anxiety disorders Developmental psychopathology • Developmental-systems perspective • Why “developmental”? • Why “systems”? • Diagnosis and treatment within context • Complexities of dx and tx w children • Sources of reporting, child’s world Developmental psychopathology • Developmental trajectory • Definition of recovery • Normal development highly variable but within expectable limits • Processes for learning are critical - attention, social interest, communication • Family development - a system itself Developmental-systems constructs • Children are active in seeking and interpreting experiences conducive to development • Children’s symptoms may reflect processes at many levels of the child’s system • Threshold factors and tipping points – On a larger level (e.g., cell phones, immuniz) – On an individual level (e.g., multiple risks) Children’s Problems • Are never the child’s alone (transactional impact on and by family system) • May not constitute disorder - normal to have some distressing experiences • As with adults, questions of normalcy relate to level and duration of symptoms and distress, appropriateness to context, etc. Children’s Problems • Are generally not the same as adult problems – Symptoms may vary for same disorder, e.g., irritability for depression – Symptoms may vary over time in ways unlike adults (e.g., anxiety symptoms vary w age) – Children have less understanding of symptoms, and fewer words to describe them....
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSY 352 taught by Professor Kirstenbradbury during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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PSY352S08childhoodCh15 - Disorders of Childhood and...

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