1. Chapter 8: Ghosts, Souls and Ancestors: Power of the Dead and 2. Chapter 9: Old and New Reli

Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion: An Anthropological Study of the Supernatural

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Midterm 3: Chapters 8 and 9 1. Chapter 8: Ghosts, Souls and Ancestors: Power of the Dead a. Death i. is a human universal ii. is inevitable 1. major emotional pressure 2. traumatic when it happens iii. Attitudes About Death 1. They are no longer with us a. we need to get rid of them b. their presence is disruptive c. fear them, use rituals to keep them away 2. They remain as active members of society a. we want then to return b. no reason to grieve iv. How do we conceptualize the dead? 1. Separate spirit world or Afterlife a. to deal with the finality of death 2. Dead appear in dreams 3. Clean dead: Died from Natural Causes, Lived Christian Life, Died After Confession, Received Church Burial 4. Unclean dead: Living dead, murder victims, accident victims, plague victims, struck by lightening, suicide v. Commodification of Death vi. Bureacratization of Death vii. Power of the Dead 1. Don’t question the authority of an ancestor 2. religion and social control -conservatism -exceptions -customs associated with the welfare of the ancestors
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1. Chapter 8: Ghosts, Souls and Ancestors: Power of the Dead and 2. Chapter 9: Old and New Reli

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