Cliques and Crowds

Cliques and Crowds - Middle Childhood Adolescent Peer...

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Middle Childhood & Adolescent Peer Groups: Cliques, Crowds, & Peer Culture
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Major Developments in Peer Relations: Middle Childhood - Adolescence Forming Loyal Friendships Belonging to Peer Groups Coordinating Friendship and Group Interaction Adhering to Peer Group Norms
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Characteristics of Peer Groups Us-them understanding Social experiences in clubs, sports, activities memberships
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Late Childhood- Adolescent Peer Groups:Cliques Clique - a close-knit group of a few friends who are intimately involved with each other. Mostly same-sex and similar in age In multiethnic settings, also similar in ethnicity Interaction-based Membership in cliques peaks in early adolescence and declines through high school
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Cliques members Member- affiliations lie almost exclusively in one clique Leader- Hanger-on or Wannabe- peripheral or low- status clique member Liaison or floater- belongs to more than one clique and links the different cliques Isolate- does not belong to any recognized clique
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Clique structure Group membership in cliques is fluid due to peripheral members ( hangers-on or wannabes ) Group leaders are the most stable and have the most say in admitting new members In later adolescence, the number of isolates & floaters increases as cliques dissolve into larger crowds linked by floaters
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Clique dynamics Cliques are instruments of socialization & social control Tight-knit, exclude others Provide social support but also ostracism & ridicule to outsiders or insiders who are lower- status
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Middle Childhood Adolescence Crowd - a larger, less exclusive, and more loosely
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HDF 345 taught by Professor Nancyhazen-swan during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Cliques and Crowds - Middle Childhood Adolescent Peer...

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