Problem Solving-Psych

Problem Solving-Psych - Problem Solving Solving Problems...

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Problem Solving
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Solving Problems What do you do when you are faced with a problem? Try to solve problem. What approach do you take? Reaching a solution often requires insight.
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Problem Solving Efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goal that is not readily attainable. Need to go beyond info provided Overcome obstacles
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Types of Problems Problems of Inducing Structure Problems of Arrangement Problems of Transformation
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Inducing Structure Need to uncover the relationship among numbers, words, symbols, or ideas Ex. 1 Analogy Merchant: Sell:: Customer: _____ Ex. 2 Series Completion 1, 2, 4, 8, __
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Arrangement Need to arrange the parts of a problem in a way that satisfies a criterion. Parts can usually be arranged in many ways, but only one or a few of the arrangements form a solution. Ex. Anagrams TCA =
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Arrangement Ex. Two strings hang from the ceiling but are too far apart to allow a person to hold one and walk to the other. On the table are a book of matches, a screwdriver, and a penny. How can you tie the two strings together?
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Insight Problems of Arrangement usually solved with burst of insight. Insight - Sudden discovery of correct solution Usually follows incorrect attempts based primarily on trial and error
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Transformation Need to carry out a sequence of changes in order to reach a specific goal. Ex Water Jar Problem
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Barriers to Problem Solving Focus on Irrelevant Information Functional Fixedness Mental Set Unnecessary Constraints
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Problem Solving-Psych - Problem Solving Solving Problems...

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