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atopic 5 f'21.docx - topic 5 f’21 2 nd JAPAN largest dvlped...

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topic 5f’21JAPAN2ndlargest dvlped econpop=127millionI. FORMATIVE CDNS AND NORMS100yen=1.27CADA) Social(both Dore and Weiss)compare -feudal tradition that was transformed into a modernsociety- as per UKto UKBUT+ Japanese Confucian tradition(Coates pp 56)- notliberalism=- believe in harmony -- especially cooperation andstability- respect for authority & tradition- loyalty and nationalism seen as virtues- long term commitments (vs. N.A. "keep optionsopen")(Dore'97)- diffuse obligations to community (vs. max. self orfamily interests)(Dore'97)-individualism frowned upon- "productivist ethic" (i.e., greater concern forproducing goods and services of value than formaking money thru speculation)- contrary to Protestant ethic, indiv. wealth isnotseen as an indication of worthinessbefore God- rather, how hard one works, and the valueone creates[- meritocratic values - "diploma society"(Coates, p. 57)
- achievement is prized- esp. educational attainmentAlthough not practiced as a religion, Confucianism is the practice of proper forms of conduct, especially in socialand familial relationships. It is derived from compilations attributed to the fifth-century B.C. Chinese philosopherKong Fuzi or Kongzi (Confucius; in Japanese, Koshi). Confucian government was to be a moral government,bureaucratic in form and benevolent toward the ruled. Confucianism also provided a hierarchical system, in whicheach person was to act according to his or her status to create a harmoniously functioning society and ensure loyaltyto the state. The teachings of filial piety and humanity continue to form the foundation for much of social life andideas about family and nation.Neo-Confucianism, introduced to Japan in the twelfth century, is an interpretation ofnature and society based on metaphysical principles and is influenced by Buddhist and Daoist ideas. In Japan, itbrought the idea that family stability and social responsibility are human obligations.
B) Econ1. state driven industrialization process (Weiss)- beginning in late 1880s- driven by military needs- history of militarism, beginning in mid 1880s, due to US threat- from 1885-1913, much larger % of national income spent onmilitary than any western nation)- lack of industrial dvlpmt and hence basis forarmaments, engineering, and shipbldg industries+shortage of skilled labour force= state-founded enterprises in these sectors+ IN-HOUSE training+ PATERNALISM - long-term contracts, length-of-service promotion- to address t/o problems-set the trend for Japanese IR/HR practices2. subsequent privatization- led to growing dominance ofZaibatsu(like KoreanChaebol)- giant family ownedverticalconglomerates-- oftenincluded abank- 4 = 60% of stockholdings before WWII- mostly broken up after the war, but....- led to less competitive and more cooperative env.

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Term
Fall
Professor
John Godard
Tags
Economics, Trade union, Dore

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