bb7_Classical_Greece_II_Lecture_Outline - CLASSICAL GREECE...

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CLASSICAL GREECE II: THE TRIUMPH OF HUMANISM PHILOSOPHY AND PUBLIC LIFE Professor Sonia Sorrell Golden Age of Greece (5 th Century BC – Post Persian Wars – Height of Athenian Democracy – Era of great writers, architects) Greek Thought: philosophy (philo = love, sophy = wisdom) They loved to think about thinking Important influences on the development of Greek thought: Humanism: emphasis on human beings and this life (Minoan or Mycenaean, etc), not afterlife like Egypt Homer: stressed individualism, led to free inquiry and stress on human reason Greek religion: no supreme being like the Hebrews, allowed for free examination. The gods were really human so they could question the Gods. Oracle at Delphi: interpreted questions; “Know Thyself” printed at top of temple; temple of Apollo, god of reason; implies not just to obey gods but to think and reason. Pre-Socratics (thinkers before Socrates): Pythagoras: proportion, mathematics; Hippocrates: father of medicine Socrates: dialectic, Socratic method (active learning / dialectic – question and answer), self-examination (wants everyone to examine things in depth and for people to admit that they don’t know anything. To learn, you must first admit you know nothing), trial (sentenced to death) & suicide 399BC (became scapegoat for the failure of Athens
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HUM 111 taught by Professor Sorrell during the Spring '06 term at Pepperdine.

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bb7_Classical_Greece_II_Lecture_Outline - CLASSICAL GREECE...

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