Western Heritage-Instability in Europe-1

Western Heritage-Instability in Europe-1 - 11/22/05...

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11/22/05 Instability in Europe Dioclesus split the empire in half Eastern rome-capital is rome Western Rome- capital is Byzantium Said there would be 2 rulers Then divided the whole empire among a grid into diocese, after rome ended the diocese remained and there were bishops assigned to each diocese rome transformed over several generations starting with Constantine and the latin speaking rome ended with the Germanic Christian emperor Theodosius, and begins the middle ages middle ages- time period between classical rome and the next classical period also know as medieval time as well as the dark ages Weakened borders and empire in general The weather changed dramatically it got very cold and wet in the north so people moved south Period of the invasions and migrations – depends on the point of view whether you are Migrating or invading Visagoths sacked rome and took over italy Ostragoths also in italy Huns moved westward which helped push the visagoths and ostragoths- brought saddles and stirrups Franks move soutward to central gaul and settled around paris and expanded to create france Angles and Saxons moved over into Britain Vandals went around to carthage and then attacked rome from the south Now the Germanic speaking people become a political force With the invasions there is a decline in minted coins Decline in communication No more fire departments or police forces Rome went from 1 million to 50,000 Decline in the condition of the roads No more apartments being built or soup kitchens or bath houses No more monumental art or architecture for fear that it will be stolen Art is now very small and portable Art is generally valuable because it is made of precious materials Ploisanay- make an outline with a metal like gold then fill in the rest with glass that would melt Another key identifier is an interlace- where one line can be traced and then come back to the beginning Vikings- attacked all over the shores of Europe, would even travel through rivers Called themselves norsemen “northmen” A large colony settled in Normandy They used long boats The Viking funeral was quite gruesome they would bury the chieftain in a ship People started building temporary stick houses Animals would live in the houses with the people to protect the animals also they provided heat Monasticism- monasteries Only place where education survived Also one of the only places of security
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St. Gall plan for a perfect monasterie – conceived as the self sufficient world Monks were allocated 3 gallons of beer per day –it was very nutritious and worthwhile not much alcohol When you entered a monastery you would give up all possessions and would take the benadictine vow Most wanderers were Christians so they respected the monasteries except for the Vikings Codice- original forms of books bound flat sheets Made of animal skins Called illuminated manuscripts- they would use gold paint that would seem to glow
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HUM 111 taught by Professor Sorrell during the Spring '06 term at Pepperdine.

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Western Heritage-Instability in Europe-1 - 11/22/05...

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