BUAD 304 - Chapter 12 Notes

BUAD 304 - Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Basic approaches...

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Chapter 12 – Basic approaches to Leadership What is Leadership? - Good management brings about order and consistency in the following ways: - drawing up formal plans - designing rigid organization structures - monitoring results against the plans - Leadership is about coping with change - Leaders establish direction by developing a vision of the future - Leadership is defined as the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals - Leaders emerge from within a group as well as by formal appointment - Strong leadership and strong management is needed for optimal effectiveness Trait Theories - Trait theories of leadership differentiate leaders from nonleaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics - charismatic, enthusiastic, and courageous are words used to describe leaders - traits are often organized around the Big Five personality framework - traits are good predictors of leadership - extraversion of the most important trait of effective leaders/ more strongly related to leader emergence than to leader effectiveness - conscientiousness and openness to experience are strongly related to leadership - emotional intelligence is indicative of effective leadership - core component is empathy - empathetic leaders can sense others’ needs, listen to what followers say, and are able to read the reactions of others - Two conclusions - traits can predict leadership - traits do a better job at predicting the emergence of leaders and the appearance of leadership than in actually distinguishing between effective and ineffective leaders Behavioral Theories - Behavioral theories of leadership propose that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from nonleaders - trait theories assume leaders are born rather than made - if there were specific behaviors that identified leaders, then we could teach leadership - Ohio State Studies - sought to identify independent dimensions of leader behavior - two categories that account for most of the leadership behavior described by employees - initiating structure refers to the extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and those of employees in the search for goal attainment - includes behavior that attempts to organize work, work relationships, and goals - leader who is high in initiating structure would be characterized as someone who - assigns group members to particular tasks - expects workers to maintain definite standards of performance - emphasizes the meeting of deadlines - consideration is described as the extent to which a person is likely to have job relationships that are characterized by mutual trust, respect for employees’ ideas, and regard for their feelings - shows concern for followers’ comfort, well-being, status, and satisfaction - leader who is high in consideration would be described as someone who - helps employees with personal problems - is friendly and approachable
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- treats all employees as equals - both initiating structure and consideration are associated with effective leadership
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BUAD 304 - Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Basic approaches...

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