DAP #3 - Smith 1 Sharron K. Smith History 1041H-03 Dr. Salm...

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Smith 1 Sharron K. Smith History 1041H-03 Dr. Salm DAP #3 March 6, 2008 Colonial Encounters and Ideologies “Standard Treaty” written by the Royal Niger Company is a template for the “friendship” treaties signed by many African chieftains from 1884-1892. In 1884 and 1885, the Berlin Conference created spheres of influences across Africa but mandated that in order for a country to make that influence, the country had to “effectively occupy” that region. This order resulted in a “scramble” to colonize African land by France, England, Belgium, France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, and the Netherlands. By accepting the treaty, the chieftains were relinquishing their land, use of their army, economic benefits of their natural resources, and the ability to trade with other countries besides England. The Africans received the “benefits” of a “reasonable” amount of money for land owners whose land is needed, the British not interfering with their customs and the laws of their lands, and protection from other tribes. The use of this standard treaty indicates the Europeans believe they are superior to the tribes and must civilize them. The Europeans also believed that the Africans were naïve and gullible. The Africans believed the Europeans were trying to help them but, in reality, the exact opposite was true. The Europeans took away many economic and political benefits from Africans simply because Europeans believed that without Europe’s help, Africa would never make progress. In “Petition of King Ockiya and Chiefs of Brass to Lord Derby” and “Memorandum of the Brass Chiefs”, it becomes evident that the “legitimate” trade was
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Smith 2 never really legitimate. These two documents highlight the difficulties of trade for Africans on the Niger River. With the introduction of the Europeans into this area,
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This essay was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 1041H taught by Professor Salm during the Spring '08 term at Xavier LA.

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DAP #3 - Smith 1 Sharron K. Smith History 1041H-03 Dr. Salm...

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