PSY352SubstancesCh9

PSY352SubstancesCh9 - ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2008 Dr....

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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2008 • Dr. Bradbury Sue Sue Sue, Chapter 9 SUBSTANCE USE
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2 Do you use substances? Before you say “no way, Dr. B, of course not!!” consider: Prescription and over the counter medications Legal drugs including nicotine, caffeine, alcohol…
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3 Just Say Know DARE program ineffective Abstinence-only = lack of information Discovery of misinformation leads to discrediting all information Law-enforcement focus vs. health focus
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Drug-Induced States of Consciousness What is a psychoactive drug? Any substance that alters consciousness when ingested Illegality has nothing to do with it: Some drugs are illegal for anyone to use anywhere (at least in the U.S.): e.g., cocaine, heroin, LSD, ‘meth’, marijuana Some drugs are legal for everyone all the time (at least in the U.S.), e.g., caffeine Most drugs are illegal to use only under some circumstances if you’re under a certain age or are in certain locations (e.g., alcohol, nicotine) – If you aren’t prescribed the drug by a doctor (e.g., oxycontin, ritalin, valium, many others) – If the substance is not sold to be ingested (e.g., sniffing glue, propellant from Lysol cans)
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5 Substances Legal Drugs: Caffeine Alcohol Tobacco Rx medications Illegal Drugs: Marijuana Hallucinogens Opiates Cocaine Club drugs Inhalants
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6 Risks of: Experimentation Recreational Use Chronic use Negative Outcomes: Physical Health Social Relationships Well-being (coping) Goal Achievement Benefits Vary with substance just as risks do Feel good Lessen social anxiety Reduce boredom Alter consciousness Increase concentration, creativity, etc. Share experiences, cultural identification Some drugs have positive health benefits under some circumstances
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7 Developmental Considerations Development of coping mechanisms Development of lifestyle habits Sensitive period in development for many behaviors related to substances: adolescence and young adulthood Teen smoking rates; identity formation Those ‘wild’ college days How people are doing at 40… When problems show up and with what Surviving, coping, thriving
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Drug-Induced States of Consciousness Drug effects depend on: Biological actions of the drug Usually involve drug action at brain synapses Expectations of drug effect (what effect are you expecting from the drug?) Believing they are ingesting alcohol is enough to make most people act intoxicated Many variables influence drug’s action for different people in different contexts Sex, age, places and responsibilities
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Drug-Induced States of Consciousness Drug classes Depressants (alcohol, barbiturates, opiates) Stimulants (amphetamine, cocaine, caffeine, nicotine) Hallucinogens (LSD, PCP, peyote, mushrooms) Marijuana (classified as a hallucinogen by the
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSY 352 taught by Professor Kirstenbradbury during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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PSY352SubstancesCh9 - ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2008 Dr....

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