aquinas - John of Salisbury and Aquinas Diversity and Unity...

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John of Salisbury and Aquinas Diversity and Unity in the Medieval Political World John of Salisbury Lived 1115-1180 Wrote Policraticus in 1159 Only sustained book on Political Theory since around 400 written before rediscovery of Aristotle Advice to rulers of how to rule – what duties should be He was schooled in France – had powerful position and friends in the Church – felt that Church was supreme to the Prince This is in response to how rulers have interpreted divine right Salisbury on Royal Authority Power comes from God Church receives its power from God State receives its power from God, through the Church Prince is obligated to obey the law and to obey God Church – not the Prince – has authority over all spiritual matters Church should have power to veto laws that they believe are in conflict with God’s law The State as an organism The Church is the soul Establish and implant within the population the practice of religion God’s representative The Prince is the brain Subject only to God (and to priests) Governed by the soul The Senate is the heart Initiation of good works Eyes, ears and tongues of the provinces Financial officers and keepers Justice, Mercy, Liberty & Speech Prince pursues the interest of others – not his personal interest Prince will feel sad when punishing – realizes that he is required to hurt part of
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PS 207 taught by Professor Watry during the Winter '08 term at N. Michigan.

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aquinas - John of Salisbury and Aquinas Diversity and Unity...

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