locke - Locke - Protecting Property Locke some background...

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Locke - Protecting Property Locke – some background Lived 1632-1704 Not as pessimistic as Hobbes 1688 Revolution (Hobbes died in 1679) Teacher of Philosophy and Student of Medicine Involved in English politics (goes into exile with King James II and Queen Mary) England became a constitutional monarchy (Parliament was made supreme over the king) English Bill of Rights further curtails the power of the king Locke’s philosophy very much reflects what was happening in England during his life Locke’s method Scientific in nature Empirical – observation and experience Human mind is a blank slate at birth Individuals have potential tendencies and capacities People’s minds are shaped by training, experience and use of reason More complex ideas follow more simple ideas Locke’s State of Nature All men are equal in the state of nature Is a state of perfect freedom of action Mutual love Law of nature – that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions When one’s preservation is not threatened, one ought not take away or impair the life, health, limb or goods of another Everyone has a right to punish offenders of the law of nature Locke’s State of Nature cont. Every man has a right to punish the offender, and be executioner by the law of nature When a man interferes with the life, health or goods of another – he is violating the law of nature – and has declared war on all mankind
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PS 207 taught by Professor Watry during the Winter '08 term at N. Michigan.

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locke - Locke - Protecting Property Locke some background...

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