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Unformatted text preview: -1 8/27/07-5 2- Anthropology- study of human kind 1. Socio-cultural anthropology- focuses on difference in cultures in a symbolic way, what living groups of people are doing currently- cultural anthropology- focuses on symbolic forms and how they relate to each other make sure you know that cultural anthro is interchangeable with ethnology. Lots of questions on this.- British people were more interested in social anthropologist because of social hierarchies 2. linguistics- study of language- focuses on one aspect of human behavior- breaking down the words of language 3. archaeology- studying culture by using artifacts 4. physical anthropology- study human beings as organisms- interested in human remains (3 ?s)- compare primates as a whole (know what animals the primates category includes its in the book) 5. applied anthroplogy- taking concepts learned from anthropology and applying them to social problems-5 3- Ethnocentrism- human beings like to do what others are doing; doing whats accepted- adaptive- key factor in decision making- what our culture does in comparison to other cultures- people agree with what people around them do- simplifies our choices-5 4- Cultural Relativism- judge a persons behavior based on cultural rules (there were two ?s on this) 8/29/07-5 5- What is culture?- the definition can vary based on the interest of data the anthropologist is looking at- consists of all kinds of beliefs, views, morals, technology, actions, etc. that allow people to live and function together in groups- learn through culture how to behave in particular situations- tacit vs. explicit- explicit- anything that you can learn directly from a book or a person how to do something ex. Learning manners- tacit- learning implicitly how to do something; a known behavior or action without someone actually teaching you-can be learned by watching TV, others, etc. ex . Elevator behavior; body space changes from culture to culture- 4 different sets of uncles in US: 2 blood, 2 virtually unrelated- First definition of culture (1871) : that complex fold which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by humans as members of society- written by Tyler (it asked us who came up with the first idea of culture so know this name)- Culture is: 1. shared- all have common beliefs 2. l earned- enculturation- learning your own culture Ex. Watching the TV, church, when and where its appropriate to sleep- acculturation- learning a different culture Ex. Hawaiians learning the American culture/ way of life 3. symbols- signals- behaviors tied to the meaning behind them- humans use symbols to communicate with others; body language 4. integrated- different aspects of culture all work together in a particular system Ex. The Shipibo Group: they are acting normal until missionaries show up and forced them to become monogamous, the whole culture was then transformed when it came to child bearing-5 6- society- a group of people who are interdependent and who share a common culture...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2008 for the course MC 2002 taught by Professor Freeman during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08