machiavelli

machiavelli - Machiavelli Transition from Ancient to Modern...

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Machiavelli - Transition from Ancient to Modern Political Thought Transition – ancient to Modern Moving on to the Renaissance Have returned culturally to where Greece was in the 5 th century Role of the church is diminishing due to the printing press Political philosophy has moved towards a focus on man as an individual – rather than tribal kinship Man is displacing god as the center of the universe Machiavelli – 1469-1527 At age 29 – enters into public service – stays there for the next 14 years Florence is an independent republic Machiavelli travels on foreign missions 1512 – loses his job when the Medici take over – absolutist regime Accused of serious crimes – tortured – found innocent and banished to a small farm 1513 – writes the Prince In 1521, writes the Discourses The Prince was dedicated to Lorenzo di Medici What is changing? Big shift with Machiavelli Ignores the end of the state (justice, good life, freedom, God, etc.) Concerned with power as an end in itself Inquires as to the means best suited to acquire, retain and expand power Separates morality, ethics, religion, etc. from the state State may do things that are considered ethically heinous, if it is for the stability of the state A little more background Good and evil become relative – good if it helps realize the above goal – evil if it does not Efficiency in politics is analogous to virtue in morals or religion
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machiavelli - Machiavelli Transition from Ancient to Modern...

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