Test 1 Study Guide

Test 1 Study Guide - Political Science Test 1 Study Guide...

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Political Science Test 1 Study Guide The ends are what you want to achieve/receive. The means is what you use to get there. For example, in the Civil War, the South wanted to separate them from the North. The "ends" is the separation from the North. The "means" is the soldiers who fight in the war. The political implication of Kant's form of Idealism is the absolute value of human, which means that war should not exists because humans are "means" and not "ends." 1.) What is the principle of subjectivity? a. Subjectivity is the awareness of the self. The “I.” Accompanying this awareness is the awareness of the existence of others. “I” exist apart from “you” 2.) What is political consciousness? a. A Self-Conscious, deliberate, and rational search for moral order that comes about when we separate from the tribe or tribal tradition which happens when subjectivity begins to emerge. 3.) Why and how does the principle of subjectivity lead to estrangement? a. The principle of subjectivity gives rise to estrangement because with it we feel a sense of loss, a sense distance from the group, the tribe, the family. 4.) What are the two species of political being? a. Tribalism and Individualism 5.) What is the political significance of the consciousness of self? a. Consciousness (awareness) of self leads to concern for individual rights/conscience (of ourselves) 6.) What is the political significance of consciousness of others? a. Consciousness (awareness) of others leads to concern for obligations of citizenship/duty 7.) What are the characteristics of tribal societies? a. There is no “I” b. Defined by kinship or blood. c. Governed by instinct and custom d. Worst punishment is exile or banishment 8.) What are the characteristics of individuated societies? a. Dominated by the idea of the “self” b. Secular relations with rules and organized relationships. c. d. Worst punishment is death 9.) What are the characteristics of the modern nation? How is it tribal? a. A group who shares a common culture and has a sense of identity together. *Remember it by the United Nations 10.) What are the characteristics of the modern state? How is it individuated? a. A group within a territory that share a common government that possesses sovereignty (Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region) 11.) What are the strengths and weaknesses of tribal societies? a. Strengths i. Gives us a powerful sense of belonging and identity. ii. It’s an expression of our social nature. iii. It offers us a sense of protection and security. b. Weaknesses i. Tend to be Ethnocentric -- focusing on only one group, usually one’s own.
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ii. Genocidal behavior -- if your group is inferior to mine, they’re expendable. iii.
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2008 for the course MC 2002 taught by Professor Freeman during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Test 1 Study Guide - Political Science Test 1 Study Guide...

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