Black Codes – restricted freedom to freedman 1 black men couldn’t vote 2 couldn’t run for office 3 couldn’t run against white men in court.American Federation of Labor – Union for skilled workers.Founded by Samuel GompersSamuel Gompers – President of the AFL; focused on higher wages, shorter hours, & better working conditions.Knights of Labor – 1869; 1stnational union; open to ALL Workers. Boycott & put pressure on employers.Great Uprising of 1877 – First organized strike due to pay cuts by Baltimore & Ohio Railroad – President Hayes sent federal troops to protect railroad property which let to riots across the nation. Left 100 dead & wages remained the same.Homestead Steel Strike – Frick, Carnegie’s Manager, kicked out the union. Blockaded them off & this led to a violent strike leaving many dead, Pinkerton’s surrendered& Union defeated.Pullman Strike – Strike against Pullman Palace car co. by the American railway union under Eugene V. Debs. President Grover Cleveland uses the excuse “mail must be delivered” to send federal troops to break the strike.