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Women in Canada November 15th 2007

Women in Canada November 15th 2007 - Women in Canada...

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Women in Canada November 15 th 2007 Different types of work Domestics 30 50,000 Factory Workers 53,729 Saleswomen 12-18,000 Stenographers 26,000 Trained nurses 2-3,000 Day Workers 5-6,000 (1914) Men Women Transportation 26.15 15.54 Manufacturing 24.37 14.00 Trade 22.75 14.56 Service 20.47 9.01 Miscellaneous 20.32 14.98 Different disadvantages-lack of opportunities for social contact, lack of privacy, can’t really organize to protest As soon as women found employment elsewhere would leave domestic service -immigrants-when they knew more about Canada, language etc. leave as soon as they did Emergence of other opportunities -opportunities depended on where you lived -even if you lived in the urban centers, you would see considerable differences from once city to the other -women’s role in the family economy, religion etc. has effect on experience, its structure has to do with job opportunities that become available to women -some difference between types of industries that are attracted to that city -differences even if we were to compare a city like this to Toronto -hamiliton-way different, heavy industry-steel industry, shops, don’t employ many men or children -some industries retain craft labour—skilled artisan, skilled craftsmen, some industries become larger employ unskilled labourers etc. won’t become factories till later on, It’s a gradual process of transition. Part of the process may be industrialized but others remain in jurisdiction of skilled craftsmen. factory-deskilling of work, automation of work (machinery), large scale of production. -no census on when Canada becomes an industrial nation -many historians feel the process of industrialization begans in the early 19 th century-ship building, breweries We are going to say… industrialization begins 1870’s proceeds into the first world war -many of the items women had previously produced at home for their own families are now produced in factories during industrialization ie. Clothing, food Servant, dress maker, teachers, seamstresses, tailoresses, housekeepers, laundresses (most popular work for women) -based on traditional skill sets, assumptions about female knowledge and capabilities
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-that pattern continues into the 20 th century-1911, 85% of employed women are in the so called female fields -but there are some signs of change, new areas emerging -broader changes in economy facilitate this, new service industry—tertiary sector emerges by 1900—ie banks, office support staffs for large companies -new types of work open up for women as we would call white collar workers -new type of work outside of the home, new female fields that emerge -initally these are all men, but are taken over by women -end up creating in the 20 th century—pink collar jobs -sign of change -contraversial, how compatible is this new work with their underlying nature and with their psychological health -great deal of debate, as to the stresses and strains placed on women particularly telephone operators -debate about seats for shop girls-should they be able to sit down -center around effect on womens health mostly reproductive health
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