STUDY GUIDE_FINAL EXAM_SYA4300_08

STUDY GUIDE_FINAL EXAM_SYA4300_08 - STUDY GUIDE: Final...

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STUDY GUIDE: Final Exam, SYA 4300-2, Fall 2007 Dr. Schwabe 1. Which of the following is TRUE? a. The size of the sample is more important than the fraction of the population that the sample represents b. A smaller sample tends to be more representative of a population than a larger sample drawn from the same population c. A sample of 3 percent of the population is always more representative of the population than a sample of 2 percent of the population, regardless of the size of the sample drawn d. Heterogeneous samples are difficult to obtain in the U.S. 2. Survey research is most appropriate when which of the following is a central research goal? a. Measurement validity b. Causal validity c. Internal validity d. Sample generalizability 3. Which of the following methods did Adler and Adler use in their study of after school activities? a. Survey. b. Complete participation (covert) only. c. Complete observation (overt) only. d. Both participation and observation. e. None of the above 1
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STUDY GUIDE: Final Exam, SYA 4300-2, Fall 2007 Dr. Schwabe 4. Reliability refers to which of the following? a. That a measurement captures what it intends to measure b. That a measurement includes all dimensions of a concept c. That a measurement is free of error d. That a measure yields consistent scores 5. Which of the following is an example of applied (same as evaluation) social research? a. The study of the effectiveness of DARE b. Murphy and Venkatesh’s study of prostitution. c. Adler and Foster’s study about teaching values to children. d. Zhou’s study of HIV/AIDs. 6. Conclusions drawn about individuals based on family- level data (such as income) may or may not be correct, due to the possibility of an error known as a/an: a. Ecological fallacy b. Reductionist fallacy c. Event-based fallacy d. Selective observer fallacy 7. If women are coded=0 and men are coded=1 and the mean for gender in your sample=0.20, you would conclude that: a. There are more women in the sample than men. b. There are more men in the sample than women. c. There are about an equal number of women and men in the sample. d. The sample is representative. 2
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STUDY GUIDE: Final Exam, SYA 4300-2, Fall 2007 Dr. Schwabe 8. Cell sizes influence: a. The accuracy of estimates (e.g., percentages). b. Whether a finding is statistically significant. c. Reliability. d. 9. Which of the following is an example of a negative direction of association in a hypothesis where approval for abortion is the dependent variable? a. As income increases, approval of abortion increases. b. As an individual’s income decreases, so does likelihood that he/she will approve of abortion. c.
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STUDY GUIDE_FINAL EXAM_SYA4300_08 - STUDY GUIDE: Final...

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