PPE3003--March 28

PPE3003--March 28 - PPE3003 Chapter 16(part 1-Sex Gender...

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PPE3003 3/28/08 Chapter 16 (part 1) Sex, Gender and Personality I. Science and Politics of studying Sex and Gender a. Studying of sex differences is controversial b. Concern: findings of sex differences might e used to support political agendas/ status quo c. Some argue: i. Findings of sex differences reflect gender stereotypes and aren’t accurate ii. Discoveries of sex differences reflect biases of scientists, not objective reality d. Opponents of research on sex differences: i. “findings of sex differences might conflict with ideas of egalitarianism” e. Counterargument: scientific psychology and social change are impossible without understanding real sex differences i. Ignoring differences wont make them go away II. History of the study of sex differences a. Before 1973: little attention paid to sex differences b. 1974: Maccoby & Jacklyn: The Psychology of Sex Differences i. Informal summary of research ii. Meta-analysis: 1. way to examine conclusions across studies and determine degree of differences III.
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