PPE3003--Feb 25

PPE3003--Feb 25 - PPE3003 2/25/08 Chapter 11 (part...

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PPE3003 2/25/08 Chapter 11 (part 1)— Motives and Personality I. Motivational psychology a. “what do people want?” b. Personality consists of a few general motives that i. Operate on conscious/unconscious levels ii. Generate intrapsychic influence on behavior II. Basic concepts a. Motive: i. Internal state that arouses and directs behavior toward a specific object/goal ii. Ex. high need for security one basic thing associated with that is a need for secure house iii. Caused by a deficit/lack of something iv. Motives differ from each other in type and amount b. Needs: i. States of tension within a person ii. As need is satisfied, tension is reduced iii. Ex. need for order—feel tension if room is messy, clean room to reduce tension c. Motives drive people to perceive, think and act in ways that will satisfy needs d. Why are motives part of the intrapsychic domain? i. Some motives are thought to operate outside of awareness (unconscious) ii. Use of projective techniques III. Murray’s Theory of Needs
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PPE3003--Feb 25 - PPE3003 2/25/08 Chapter 11 (part...

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