3PPE3003 Jan. 23

3PPE3003 Jan. 23 - PPE3003 Chapter 4(part 1-Theoretical...

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PPE3003 1/23/08 Chapter 4 (part 1)— Theoretical Issues in Trait Psychology I. Meaningful differences between individuals a. People differ in amounts of each trait i. These differences can be accurately measured b. Personality: the product of a combination of traits II. Consistency over time a. Broad traits: consistent over time i. Ex. relationship security b. But…trait expression might change over time c. If trait changes with age inconsistent (bad for theory) d. Solution: focus on rank order differences between people III. Consistency across situations a. Traditional assumption: i. Cross-situation consistency ii. Hartshorne and May found low cross-situation consistency in honesty, helpfulness, and self control b. Walter Mischel: i. traits don’t explain much; lets focus on situations instead ii. Situationism: if behavior varies most across situations, then situational differences (and not personality traits) determine behavior iii. Mischel encouraged debate: 1. importance of traits vs. situations
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3PPE3003 Jan. 23 - PPE3003 Chapter 4(part 1-Theoretical...

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