11PPE3003 Feb. 13

11PPE3003 Feb. 13 - PPE3003 Chapter 8(part 2-Evolutionary...

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PPE3003 2/13/08 Chapter 8 (part 2) Evolutionary Perspectives on Personality I. Evolutionary psychology a. The study of psychological traits as products of natural selection b. Processes do not necessarily occur on a conscious level i. We don’t think, “hey if I hooked up with you I could have lots of kids” II. Levels of explanation a. Proximate i. Why does it happen here and now? b. Ultimate i. Why does it happen at all? c. Ex. i. Social anxiety (need to belong) 1. proximate explanation: a. it feels good to have friends 2. ultimate explanation a. being a member of a social group is beneficial to survival and reproduction b. if ancestors weren’t part of a group survival and reproduction were MUCH more difficult III. Examples of human nature level analyses a. Helping and altruism i. Inclusive fitness: 1. we help those who are similar to ourselves ii. Reciprocal altruism: 1. those who give help will receive help iii. **these may not be on a conscious level** b. Universal emotions i.
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