Chapter 5.html - Chapter 5: Verb Tense Overview: There are...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 18 pages.

Chapter 5: Verb Tense Overview:There are four main tenses in English: Simple, Continuous (Progressive), Perfect, and Perfect Continuous(Progressive). Each of these tenses has a past, present and future form. Therefore, the math is simple:English has four main tense and each tense has three forms, so there are 12 distinct verb tenses in English.Take a look at the following chart of the regular verb jump and all the possible verb tenses in English:Past FormPresent FormFuture FormSimple: I jump I jumped.I will jump.Continuous: I was jumping. I am jumping.I will be jumping.Perfect: I had jumped. I have jumped.I will have jumped.Perfect Continuous:I had been jumping.I have been jumping.I will have been jumping.(Note that the least commonly used verb tenses are inred)Another way to visual English tenses is the group them by time.Simple Tenses Continuous Tenses Perfect TensesPerfect Continuous TensesPast Forms: I taught. I was teaching. I had taught.I had been teaching.Present Forms: I teach. I am teaching. I have taught.I have been teaching.Future Forms: I will teach. I will be teaching.I will have taught.I will have been teaching.(Note that the least commonly used verb tenses are inred)In normal speech and writing, English speakers and writers only use nine of the possible 12 tenses on aregular basis: Simple Past, Simple Present, Simple Future, Past Continuous, Present Continuous, FutureProgressive, Past Perfect, Present Perfect, and Present Perfect Progressive. The following chapters willexplain the meaning and formation of these nine most commonly used verb tenses. Although the three leastcommonly verb tenses (Future Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Perfect Continuous) are sometimesused in both speaking and writing, they are not normally necessary for intermediate English languagelearners.5.1 Simple Present Tense Meaning and FormationA. The Simple Present Tense describes a General Truth or Habit:
I study in the evenings.Yougoall of the time.Wecomeevery morning.Theystudyon weekdays.-----------------------Hegoesall of the time.She eatsevery morning.Itstudieson weekdays.We come to class from Monday to Thursday from 8:00 to 10:50.My students do their homework either in the afternoon or in the evening.My wife washes clothes every Saturday afternoon.It rains a lot in Seattle every spring.The sun shines a lot in the summer.Young boys like to run around and make a lot of noise all of the time.B. Negative Forms of the Simple Present Tense also describe General Truths or Habits:With every verb except "to be," use "does not" (doesn't) or "do not" (don't) directly after the mainsubject and before the base form of the main verb to form a negative statement in the simple past:After the helping verbsdon’t, and doesn’tALWAYS use thebase formof the verbin the present tense.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 18 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Grammatical tenses, Simple Present Tense

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture