GrammLecture13ArticlesNounsPronouns.doc - Grammar Lecture...

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Grammar Lecture #12:Nouns, Articles, and Pronouns (Chapters 7 & 8):Part 1: NounsI.Regular singular nouns (Chart 7-1 page 100)A.Regular nouns take –s or –es to make them plural:DogsCarsWatchesKissesB.The final letter of nouns determines whether –s or –es is added at the end to formthe plural:(Chart 7-1 page 100):1.Most nouns take –s at the end:cars, pencils, boats, papers, dollars, phones, halls, records….2.Nouns that end in tch, sh, s, z, and x take –es at the end:Watches, bosses, kisses, brushes, bushes, quizzes, foxes, boxes…3.Nouns that end in –ey, -oy, iy, -ay, and uy take –s:Keys, toys, boys, plays, guys…4.Nouns that end in a consonant followed by –y,drop the –y and add–ies.Studies, puppies,babies…II.Irregular Plural NounsA.English has many irregular plural nouns (Chart 7-1 page 100)MousemiceOxoxenManmenCalfcalvesSelfselvesDeerdeerSheepsheepCriterioncriteriaDatumdataThesisthesesHypothesishypotheses
III.Possessive nouns (Chart 7-2 page 103)A.Apostrophes are used toshow possession:The boy's book was lost. (one boy, one book)The boy’s book was lost. (more than one boy, one book)The boys’ book was lost. (more than one boy, one book)The boys’ books were lost. (more than one boy, one book)B.Add an apostrophe and-s to irregular plural nouns to showpossession:The men’s company went out of business.The children’s playground was destroyed by the hurricaneIV.Count vs. Noncount Nouns (Chapter 7-4 page 107)A.Count nouns can be counted:One chairtwo chairsOne dollartwo dollarsOne deertwo deerOne criteriontwo criteriaB.Noncount nouns cannot be counted and can’t be made plural, so they never take –s or –es: (Charts 7-5 and 7-6 page 108)Some luggageA lot of equipmentMuch moneyNot much funA lot of homeworkA little sadness

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Grammatical person, Grammatical number, Ahmed

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